Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that grow in connective tissue, cells that connect or support other kinds of tissue. They are most common in the bones, muscles, tendons, cartilage, nerves, fat and blood vessels.
The more than 50 types of sarcoma and be classified as soft tissue sarcoma and bone sarcoma. They can be treated, normally by surgery.
Soft tissue sarcomas are hard to spot, often the first sign is a painless lump, as it gets bigger it may press against nerves or muscles causing discomfort or trouble breathing.
Bone sarcomas may show early symptoms such as pain in the bone, swelling and limping if the sarcoma is in a leg.
Sarcomas are diagnosed by performing biopsies, image testing or bone scans.
Treatment depends on the location and how far the sarcoma has spread. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy as well as targeted treatments or a combination of all these may be used.
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