Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer starts in the cells in the kidney.
There are different types of kidney cancer and these develop in different ways, hence the diseases have different long term outcomes and need varying treatments.
The most common signs and symptoms of kidney cancer are a mass in the abdomen and/or bloor in the urine.
Other symptoms may include tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, a high temperature and heavy sweating, and persistent pain in the abdomen. Many of these symptoms can also be related to other illnesses, but you should always get them checked out by a doctor.
Factors that increase the risk of kidney cancer include smoking, regular use of NSAIDs (ibuprofen and naproxen), obesity, faulty genes, a family history of kidney cancer, kidney disease, hepatitis C, and previous treatment for testicular or cervical cancer.
Treatment depends on the type and stage of the disease. Surgery is the most common treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are usually ineffective.
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