Blog: Types of Cancer

Gynaecological cancer

4 September 2017

There are five gynaecological cancers: womb, ovarian, cervical, vaginal and vulval.

They present clinically in many ways and manifest differently at different stages of the illness.

Awareness levels of these cancers are very low.


Also known as uterine or endometrial cancer.

Most common symptom is abnormal bleeding from the vagina.

It is diagnosed using transvaginal ultrasound and biopsy.

Treatment normally involves a...

Asbestos and Mesothelioma: A Dangerous Link by Katherine Keys

28 August 2017

Asbestos and Mesothelioma: A Dangerous Link Lung cancer is a serious ailment with severe consequences if it's not dealt with in a timely manner. Many patients have certain types of cancer, including mesothelioma. Although it's a rare form of lung cancer, mesothelioma is still a disease that's seeing greater numbers over time. At the heart of mesothelioma development is a person's exposure to asbestos. Learn how asbestos and mesothelioma are linked by today's researchers and how to deal with...


31 July 2017

Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that grow in connective tissue, cells that connect or support other kinds of tissue. They are most common in the bones, muscles, tendons, cartilage, nerves, fat and blood vessels.

The more than 50 types of sarcoma and be classified as soft tissue sarcoma and bone sarcoma. They can be treated, normally by surgery.

Soft tissue sarcomas are hard to spot, often the first sign is a painless lump, as it gets bigger it may press against nerves or...

Head and Neck Cancer

7 July 2017

Head and Neck cancers are the 6th most common cancers in the world, accounting for 6% of all tumours.

When talking about head and neck cancer we do not include brain, eye, esophagus, thyroid, scalp, skin, bones or blood cancers, as these are not classified as head and neck, the cancers head and neck refers to primarily are those in the oral cavity, the salivary glands, the pharynx, larynx, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

As there are many different tissues that make up...

Esophageal cancer

28 June 2017

A cancer occuring in the esophagus, a tube that runs from your throat to your stomach.

This cancer usually beings in the cells that line the esophagus. Men are more prone to get this cancer than women. Other risk factors include being older than 65, smoking, alcohol abuse, lack of fruits and vegetables, obesity and acid reflux.


Difficulty swallowing Chest and/or back pain Heartburn Weight loss A persistent cough Hoarseness Weakness Bleeding

To diagnose this...


23 June 2017

Mesothelioma is an asbestos-related cancer that develops on the protective lining of the lungs, abdomen and heart. The disease is rare, with doctors diagnosing approximately 3,000 cases each year in the U.S.

Exposure to asbestos, a naturally occurring mineral once used heavily in construction and manufacturing, is...

Testicular Cancer

19 June 2017

A cancer that develops in the testicles, part of the male reproductive system.

Testicular cancer is one of the most common cancers in males aged between 15 and 35 but it also has one of the highest cure rates when detected early.

Men are encouraged to carry out frequent self-examinations and look out for the following symptoms:

A lump or swelling in one or both testicles, may be painless Pain in a testicle or the scrotum Discomfort in a testicle or scrotum Sensation of...

Bladder Cancer

19 May 2017

Bladder cancer is not a rare cancer, in the UK it is the 7th most cancer.

However there is very limited public awareness of the disease and it has been overlooked in terms of reasearch spending.

Patient outcomes can be considerably improved by early diagnosis, up to 80% survival rate when caught early. It is not only a disease of older people, younger people can also be affected.

The bladder is a hollow muscular organ that stores urine until you are ready to urinate,...

Skin Cancer

15 May 2017

Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells.

There are various types of skin cancers and pre-cancers including melanoma, actinic keratosis, atypical moles, basal cell carcinoma, merkel cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, each one having a different prognosis.

The most common risk factors for skin cancer are: Ultraviolet light exposure, either from the sun or tanning beds. A chronically suppressed immune system. Exposure to radiation (X-rays) Certain...

Multiple Myeloma

27 March 2017

Multiple Myeloma is a cancer arising from plasma cells, a white blood cell that is made in the bone marrow.

When a patient has myeloma, plasma cells become abnormal, multiply uncontrollably and release only one type of antibody, paraprotein that has no useful function.

Myeloma doesn't exist as a lump or tumor, it affects multiple places of the body where bone marrow is normally active, such as within the bones of the spine, the skull, pelvis, rib cage, long bones of the arms...


Cancer Support Mallorca is a charity registered in Spain under number G57773749.